Apollo is among the most interesting gods. He was well known as god for: music, poetry, art, oracles, archery, afflict, medication, sun, light and understanding. He is the spawn of ZEUS and Titan Leto. His twin sister was Artemis and they were both bornin the Greek Island of Delos.
When you see statues of Kouros you actually see Apollo. This was the definition of perfection; athletic, without a beard and young, He was highly connected to the Oracle of Delphi where he was casting predictions through Pythia. Allegedly he had Asclepius as his son, the famous God for medication and recovery. Furthermore he was also considered the protector of flocks and herds.
He was related to music and poetry (the famous Lyre) and was a protector of these. Apollo was the leader of the Muses and as such he was called Musegetes (which means: The Leader of the Muses).
The Lyre of was created by god Hermes. Hymns were sung to Apollo (called paeans).
Apollo is considered the God of Light (and of Sun), but scriptures mention him as a conqueror against colonists (famous invasion to Delphi).
For some reason Romans worshiped him as a God, while keeping his very same name; that was something rare in those times. Romans related him mostly to Medicine & Recovery and less to Light.
Temples of Apollo all over the world
It is not only Greece, the place where he was worshiped. Temples exist in:
- Greece: Corinth, Delphi, Bassae, Athens (Apollo Patroos), Vouliagmeni (Attica, Apollo Zoster), Aegina island, Thermon, Delos Island, Dreros (Crete), Gortyn (Crete), Eretria.
- Cyprus: Apollo Hylates at Limassol
- Czech Republic: Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape at South Moravian Region
- Italy: Apollo Palatinus & Apollo Sosianus (Rome), Pompeii
- Sicily: Syracuse, Selinunte
- Malta: Melite
- Turkey: Aydın, Izmir Province, Antalya, Çanakkale, Denizli
More Facts about Greek God of Sun
- He was called:
- Phoebus (related to pure or bright)
- The Healer
- God of Light and the God of Truth
- The Purifier (able to spiritually cleanse even those who killed their relatives)
- He was granted with the gift of prophecy and oracles.
- His symbols were: The dolphin and the Swan
- He killed the serpent named Python, but also accidentally killed his companion Hyacinthus (during a discus throwing contest). But, also killed the Cyclops because they armed Zeus with his mighty weapon: the thundebolt.
Apollo was know to have many affairs (mortals and goddesses).
We hoped you enjoyed the first of our series for ancient Gods and Goddesses of Greece and their relation to destinations in Greece and the world.
Pin this for others to find.