There are several sports around the globe that are fun but do have their own risk at the same time.
Canyoneering is among the list of these sports and something that has been accepted and appreciated by a really good percentage of the population.
That is the reason why before you engage in this beautiful sport and adventure, you will need to have the basic knowledge of what you are doing.
What is Canyoneering?
The term canyoneering comes from the word canyon, which can be defined as a deep, narrow valley with steep sides and more occasionally with a stream flowing through it.
Canyoneering, therefore, simply means that it is a sport that involves exploring the canyons.
That is done in so many ways, like walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, rafting, and rappelling.
Usually, this is done in remote areas, and it involves the use of navigation, route finding, and any wilderness skill that an individual might have.
This sport or adventure is enjoyed by a person of different age and is available all over the globe.
It is a straightforward sport, but some people might be a very difficult one.
What are the Canyoneering Gears?
You might be wondering why you need individual gears; you will realize that when you are canyoneering, you are likely to encounter a wide range of terrain and challenging conditions to maneuver through.
Here is a list of some of the gears that you might find necessary.
This rope is different from the usual dynamic lines as they are the kind of lines that are made specially to accommodate the severity of canyoneering.
They are made from polyester.
That is because they have to be dynamic, so as not to stretch at all.
The ropes are very static, making them not so easy to absorb water and are usually about 9mm in thickness.
As for the length of the rope, it varies. The longer the line, the variety of canyons one can be able to take on.
The drawback to this is that the long ropes can be heavy to carry around.
That is the bag that you will use to carry the rope (and your belongings) with you. It is advisable to use a container to make the rope moving more comfortably and conveniently.
When you have a bag, all you have to do is flake the rope in a bag, and you are good to go. That is unlike when you are carrying or coiling the line on your body.
The set of a bag that you will find handy is the dry bag. That is important if you encounter water bodies as they will keep your valuable like the phone and some clothing safe.
The bag should be waterproof. However, some packs have holes to act as water drainage and store your ropes, but you need a particular waterproof case to place your non-waterproof possessions.
When you are considering canyoneering, be advised to have a harness that is not prone to wear and tear. The harness should be a simple one, very sturdy.
Because you are likely to encounter some severe conditions and extreme environment, you need a pair of perfect and comfortable shoes.
The shoes should not be slippery at any cost, meaning you will have to go for shoes that have a lot of grips. Avoid the use of some of your old sports shoes.
That is another one of the essential items that one should have when canyoneering.
You will realize that the thickness and benefits of the wetsuits depend on the canyons and the fat in your body.
The best wetsuit should be thick enough and one that not only fits but stretches. Make sure that it is one that has no room for water to get into.
When you are looking for the right descenders for canyoneering, make sure that you get one that allows a lot of contact area to increase the friction.
They should also keep the rope at a lower angle to allow it to be smooth. Above all, the descenders should be not only versatile but also comfortable to descend with.
To be on the safe side, it is always advisable to carry two or three carabiners for different functions.
That is for binary-block, to connect with the descender and maybe another one to put the rope in the rope bag.
There are so many other uses that the carabiners will be of use, so it will not harm to carry a few extra.
There are several other gears that you should also have with you. These are Helmet (very crucial), Headlamp, Webbing, Gloves, Socks.
What You Need To Know About Canyoneering Shoes
As mentioned above, the shoes that you pick will largely contribute to whether you are going to have a successful adventure or not.
So a lot of emphases need to be taken when choosing the type of kick for canyoneering.
You will realize that there are standard features that any canyoneering shoe should have, and these are;
- The traction of the shoe should be excellent; this does not only apply to the wet weather but also the dry weather as well.
- The shoe that you pick should be able to protect you against some of the objects that you will encounter when canyoneering. Some of the objects that the boots should protect you from being cactus needles, some of the bush thorns and mostly sharp stones
- Not only should the shoe be able to protect your feet, but comfortable at the same time. Since you will be jumping or walking between rocks and a lot of hiking, your feet need to be as comfortable as possible to endure these elements.
As mentioned earlier, canyoneering involves once in a while, crossing multiple streams and pools. The shoes that you end up picking should be able to keep off the water as you would not want to have shoes that hold water.
That will not only make your sports a nightmare but also very unpleasant experience.
What You Need To Know About Canyoneering Boots
There are specific boots that are ideal for canyoneering. That is available in the local shops or online. These boots have certain features like:
- They have a rubber sole for proper griping
- They have increased lug height, which will go a long way to improve penetration if you are on soft ground and make it very easy to release when in a mud.
- The boot should be able to eliminate any chance of delamination with the help of a welded rubber that is interlocked with the mesh.
- These boots should not have any type of waterproof membranes. The reason behind this is that the layer keeps water locked inside the shoe, and this, in the end, takes a lot of time to dry out, or they do not dry at all.
- Sand also tends to stick on the waterproof membrane, which will result in the shoes not being waterproof as the sand will tend to break down the layer.
- The laces should be an asymmetric fast lace system that can be easily adjusted in cold and wet conditions.
- The ideal boot should be able to protect your feet from scrapes, drainage options, and, most important, of all the sticky rubber soles.
What Should Canyoneering Beginners Know?
Unlike caving, gorge walking, and canyoneering, this is one of the best options for exploring the earth and, at the same time, having the fun of your life for any beginners.
There are some of the basics that you should know:
Do not do it alone
Despite the excitement that any beginner has, canyoneering is one sport or adventure that one should do with the help of a qualified guide.
It is essential to get a guide.
That is the only guarantee that you will have just in case anything happens wrong while you are on the trip.
When you are alone, you will be stuck and frustrated as compared to when you have a qualified guide who will be there to help and guide you through some of the basics.
What Skill Do You Need?
As mentioned earlier, canyoneering is a sport that involves a lot of climbing, hiking, and at some point, swimming.
That is a very challenging experience and will need an individual who is in good physical shape and up to the tasks ahead.
The easiest and quickest way to climb down a canyon is by rappelling, which is the use of a rope while coming down.
That is something that you will have to practice in a much friendlier environment before embarking in a canyon.
The only thing that is keeping you from some of the significant injuries associated with repelling is the knots.
That is the connection between the harness and the rope. It is essential to be well acquainted with your knots.
Swimming is another necessary skill that a beginner should have.
Canyoneering involves a lot of water, either going through or above them. You will need to have some of the basics in swimming skills just in case you encounter an experience that will involve some swimming.
Places to visit
There are several places that you can go canyoneering in the states.
The places that you decide to visit will depend on how prepared you are, and you intend to explore. For beginners, you should start slowly and ensure that you go to places where they have a guide.
This can be any national park that has canyoneering features.
After a few lessons and experience, then it is advisable you try some of the tough terrains that are available across the country.
If you are in Greece, go to the famous Neda Waterfalls.
What to look for while Canyoneering?
It is imperative to take all the necessary precautions while canyoneering, and you will find that it is not a dangerous sport.
First and foremost, since you are going into some of the tough terrains, you should make it a habit to tell people where you are going and when you should be expected back.
That will not only stop them from getting worried but be alert just in case you might need some rescuing.
Canyons tend to get flooded by sudden storms, so it is vital to have your GPS and compass with you to avoid getting lost.
The weather should be one of the most critical factors that one needs to consider before embarking on this trip.
It is imperative to check the weather report and find out if the weather is friendly enough for the sport. If there are chances of a storm or harsh weather, it is best advised to postpone the whole event.
The critical thing that one should do is follow the guide at all times. If you do not have a guide for getting lost on the trip is a ubiquitous thing.
This is why it might be appropriate to carry a GPS, a map, or a compass if necessary.
Other items might not be so necessary, but one might need to have just in case it is required.
These items are water, some food supplies, first aid kit, and anything that you might find very necessary.
As you very well know that it is better to be safe than sorry.
Ensure that you have followed the weather report before you travel to your destination.
Having taken care of some of the mentioned basic like the clothing, what to wear, and some of the gear to carry by yourself, you are likely to enjoy canyoneering more than you expected in the first place.